The governments fiscal year begins from October 1st and runs through September 30th meaning the 2014 fiscal year begins on Tuesday, October 1st, 2013. Typically during that time, Congress is required to pass and the President sign appropriations bills that will release funds needed for the federal government to operate.
As of today, none of the 12 appropriations bills that will fund the government for the 2014 fiscal year, have been signed into law. What this means as of now, and at midnight tonight, that the government has no funds available to pay salaries of federal employees, grants, and other utilities for government operations. Congress is debating approving what is called the “Continuing Resolution” or CR. It is a legislation that will extend the 2013 fiscal year for a length of time agreed upon by Congress and the President to continue operations. Currently the length of time for a CR is unspecified. It can be one day or a CR can be extended up to a full year.
There is a possibility that Congress and the President will not reach a resolution on the adoption of the Continuing Resolution by midnight. If Congress and the President fail to reach a resolution, the result will be that all “non essential” federal employees will be told not to show up for work tomorrow, October 1, 2013.
Questions were raised that If a government shutdown occurs, will this also effect Medicare processing claims for payment for anything sent after October 1? The answer to that question is – “No”. The funds appropriated for Medicare benefits are not subject to the appropriations process because it is an entitlement program instead of a discretionary program, and processing of Medicare claims is considered “essential”. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that there should be no disruption of Medicare claims processing and all CMS activities will continue regardless of a delay in the appropriations process.